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Haiti

13,681

cases of cholera recorded in 2017, vs. 41,421 in 2016

11,4%

of children under the age of 5 suffer from chronic malnutrition

4

women die every week from complications of a pregnancy or childbirth

The situation

The fight against cholera

Since 2010, Doctors of the World has been supporting health authorities in Haiti in their efforts to eliminate cholera. Since 2017, the number of cholera cases has decreased thanks to the effective and coordinated work carried out with our partners from the water, sanitation, hygiene and health care sectors to prevent disease. Measures have been put in place to treat suspected cholera cases, respond more effectively to alerts, and carry out epidemiological surveillance. Although the epidemic has been partially contained, cholera remains a major public health problem today. Outbreaks and persistent sources of contamination are still seen in the West, Centre, Artibonite and Northwest departments.

 

Women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health

 

Haiti has one of the highest maternal mortality rates of any country in the Americas. Geographic inaccessibility to health care infrastructure is one of the main reasons for this unfortunate record: it takes women an average of 3 hours on dangerous roads to reach a health care centre. In addition, women are reluctant to go to health care facilities because the patient intake and care provided there are often of poor quality. As a result, women prefer to turn to traditional midwives, who are close to where they live and offer support service both at the birth and after the delivery. However, midwife care may be inadequate, especially for at-risk pregnancies or in the event of complications.

Four women die every week from complications of a pregnancy or childbirth

Over 3,000 children under 5 years of age die every year, as do 7,000 newborns, from complications of a pre- mature birth, trauma or infection

Chronic malnutrition affects 11.4% of children under the age of 5

Infant mortality is twelve times higher in Haiti than in Canada

 

Famille cité Soleil
Femmes enfants
Femmes enfants 2
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Our action

Support the fight against cholera

We have been fighting cholera in Haiti since the beginning of the epidemic in 2010. Today, we are the main organization supporting the government and health organizations in finding solutions to contain cholera outbreaks and prevent the disease altogether.

our Actions 

Prevention and high-quality care for cases of acute diarrhea

Improvement of the epidemiological surveillance system and early warning system for cholera outbreaks

Campaigns to promote health and to prevent and raise awareness about diarrheal diseases

Intervention regions : Northwest, South and Grand’Anse departments, Lower Artibonite, Lower Central Plateau, metropolitan area and Les Palmes (west department)


 

Improve sexual and reproductive health and the health of mothers, newborns and children

Doctors of the World has been working in Haiti to improve people’s sexual and reproductive health since 1998. Despite making significant strides over the years, significant challenges still remain. With the support of the Governments of Canada, Quebec, Belgium and our many donors, Doctors of the World is launching a new program in 2017 to reduce the maternal and child mortality rate in four (Nord-Ouest, Artibonite, Ouest and Nippes) of the 10 departments of Haiti. This program will benefit more than 230,000 people over the next three years.

our Actions

Campaigns to raise awareness of high-risk sexual behaviours in secondary schools

Continuing education for health professionals

Establishing a dialogue between matrons and personnel at health care facilities to encourage referral of pregnant women to these institutions

Intervention regions: Upper Northwest, Lower Arbonite, Cité Soleil Commune (West department), Nippes

 


 

Prevention of and care for child malnutrition and disease

Intervention regions: Upper Northwest, Lower Arbonite, Cité Soleil commune (West department)

our Actions

Child nutrition training for midwives, nurses, assistants and other medical personnel

Support for care to malnourished children through the distribution of dry rations and by offering special packages to families to ensure adequate medical follow-up for the child’s recovery

 


 

Prevention of and case management of gender-based violence

Intervention regions: Upper Northwest, Lower Arbonite, Cité Soleil commune, Nippes

our Actions

Training for health care personnel on caring for women who are victims of violence

Training for community agents to lead awareness-raising sessions

Distribution of educational materials and national poster campaigns about violence against women and girls

Tracking for record-keeping with national fact sheets on the number of cases of violence reported in health care establishments

Our Impact

In 2015:
  • 17 851

    home visits made, including 3,032 relating to nutrition, diet diversification, breastfeeding and good hygiene practices

  • 18 683

    people (7,866 women, 7,360 men and
    3,457 children) informed of the importance of preventing diarrheal diseases and how to recognize signs of cholera

  • 520

    hygiene kits distributed to the most vulnerable families who have no way to store water

  • over 95%

    hygiene kits distributed to the most vulner- able families who have no way to store water

Our partners

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