Women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health
Haiti has one of the highest maternal mortality rates of any country in the Americas. Geographic inaccessibility to health care infrastructure is one of the main reasons for this unfortunate record: it takes women an average of 3 hours on dangerous roads to reach a health care centre. In addition, women are reluctant to go to health care facilities because the patient intake and care provided there are often of poor quality. As a result, women prefer to turn to traditional midwives, who are close to where they live and offer support service both at the birth and after the delivery. However, midwife care may be inadequate, especially for at-risk pregnancies or in the event of complications.
• Four women die every week from complications of a pregnancy or childbirth
• Over 3,000 children under 5 years of age die every year, as do 7,000 newborns, from complications of a pre- mature birth, trauma or infection
• Chronic malnutrition affects 11.4% of children under the age of 5
• Infant mortality is twelve times higher in Haiti than in Canada